What Do Headers Do for a Car
Car headers are an important part of the exhaust system that serve to improve engine performance. They work by eliminating back pressure, which is created in the manifold. What do headers do for a car is not a complicated approach because the individual pipes are bent so that they are of the same length, ensuring that the exhaust gases from each cylinder arrive at the collector evenly spaced, resulting in no back pressure. In addition to improving engine performance, headers can also help improve the sound performance of a car.
Role of headers on a car
The role of headers on a car is to improve the exhaust flow by allowing the engine to push out the burnt gases more efficiently. Unlike a single pipe shared by all cylinders in the stock manifold, each cylinder has its own exhaust pipe in headers, which eliminates back pressure created in the manifold. This design allows the engine to breathe more easily, leading to benefits such as increased horsepower, improved sound, and reduced back pressure. However, potential downsides of installing headers include increased emissions, reduced fuel economy, and the possibility of engine damage if not installed or adjusted properly.
The different types of headers for cars
There are several types of headers for cars, each with its own characteristics and benefits. When choosing the right headers for your car, consider factors such as performance, appearance, and fit. The primary pipe diameter, header length, and volume can also affect your car’s performance.
- Long-tube headers
These headers have four primary tubes in an 8-cylinder engine, which merge into one collector.
- Shorty headers
These headers are shorter than long-tube headers and are designed to provide better performance in the upper RPM range.
- Lakester headers
These headers are designed for flathead engines and are characterized by their unique shape and design.
- Tri-Y headers
These headers have three primary tubes that merge into one collector, providing a balance between low-end and mid-range torque.
- Full-length headers
These headers utilize primary tubes that are longer than the primaries on your stock exhaust. They help produce more overall power with good power in the low- and mid-rpm ranges.
- Shorty headers
These headers are shorter than full-length headers and are designed to provide better performance in the upper RPM range.
- Mid-length headers
These headers are a compromise between full-length and shorty headers, offering a balance between low-end and mid-range torque.
- Fenderwell headers
These headers are designed for specialty applications, such as fenderwell installations.
- Dragster headers
These headers are designed for drag racing applications and are characterized by their short length and large primary pipe diameter.
- Circle track headers
These headers are designed for circle track racing applications and are characterized by their short length and large primary pipe diameter.
The potential downsides of installing headers on a car
- Increased emissions
Headers can lead to increased emissions due to the higher power generated, resulting in more gasoline burnt, which can be harmful to the environment and cause a reduction in fuel efficiency.
- Reduced fuel economy
The increased power generated by headers can lead to reduced fuel economy, as more fuel is consumed to produce the additional power.
- Engine damage
Improper installation or adjustment of headers can potentially result in reduced engine performance, increased noise, and increased emissions. It may also impact other car systems, requiring adjustments to the fuel injection system, engine controls, or other related components due to changes in exhaust flow properties.
- Legal and environmental restrictions
The design optimization of headers may increase the emission of harmful substances, affecting the environment and making the vehicle not road legal. Unconventional installation and adjustment processes may also require additional expertise and skills, and legal and environmental restrictions need to be considered.
- Other potential problems
Headers can lead to reduced spark plug access, increased tendency to burn spark plug wires, and increased tendency to leak, which may require special attention and maintenance.
The benefits of tri-y headers over other types of headers
- Midrange torque
Tri-Y headers are designed to bolster midrange torque, making them suitable for applications that require strong low-end and midrange torque.
- High horsepower
Tri-Y headers can generate the highest horsepower among different header designs, making them a favorable choice for performance-oriented applications.
- Scavenging effect
The “Y” shape of Tri-Y headers enables the exhaust from one tube to scavenge air from the other tube, contributing to improved flow velocity and performance.
- Limited lifetime warranty
Some manufacturers, such as Doug Thorley Headers, offer a limited lifetime warranty on Tri-Y headers, indicating confidence in their quality and durability.